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Medical Intelligence in Black Budget FY 2013 Volume 1

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TOP SECRETHSIITKHNOFDRN FY 2013 Congressional BudgetJusti?cation Volume I NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE PROGRAM SUMMARY FEBRUARY 2012 TOP SECRETHSUTKHNOFDRN

TOP SECRET// SI/ T K/ / N OFORN Access to the information in thi s document is restricted to US citizen s with active SCI accesses for SPECIALINTELLIGENCEand TALENT-KEYHOLE information . DISSEMINATI ON CONTROL ABBREVIATIONS NOFORN - Not Releasable to Foreign Nationals This Compone nt Budget of the Nationa l Intellige nce Program is produced purs uant to provisions of Executive Order 12333 , as amended by Executive Order 13470, and section 102A(c) of the National Secu rity Act of 1947, as amended . NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Unauthorized Disclosure Subject to Criminal Sanctions TOP SECRET// SI/ T K/ / N OFORN

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TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN National Intelligence Program FY 2013 Congressional Budget Justification Volume I NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE FEBRUARY PROGRAM SUMMARY 2012 DRV FROM : FIN 4--03 DECL ON: 20370206 TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN

TO P SECRET//S I/TK//NO FORN (U) MISSION OBJECTIVE 2 - COUNTER WMD PROL IFERATION (U) Counter the proliferation of weapons of mass destr uction and their means of delivery by state and non-state actors. This Exhibit is SECRET//NOFO RN Funding ($M) FY 2013 Request FY 2012 Enacted FY 2011 1 Actual Base 7,007.3 6,774.0 oco 108.0 Tota l Base 6,8820 6,596.7 oco 88.4 Tota l 6,685.1 FY 2012 - FY 2013 Change % Change 196.9 3 2 Civilian FTEs 10,004 10,291 10,291 10,490 10,490 199 Civilian Positions 10,207 10,327 10,327 10,530 10,530 203 2 Military Positions 2,685 2,648 2,648 2,380 2,380 268 10 1 Totals may not add due to rounding. Includes enacted OCO funding. (S//NF) The U.S. National Security Strategy asserts "there is no greater threat to the American people than weapons of mass destruction, particularly the danger posed by the pursuit of nuclear weapons by violent extremists and their proliferation to additional states ." To focus the IC's work, the National Intelligence Strategy and the Unifying Intelli gence Strategy for Counterproliferation (UIS-CP) highligh t five enduring policy objectives on the advancemen t of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) by state and non-state actors: dissuade inter est, pr event acquisition, roll back pro gr ams, deter use, and manage consequ ences. The National Counterproliferation Center (NCPC) provides oversight and leadersh ip for the IC to sustain CP intelligence initiatives. Furthermore, because of the nexus between CP and counterterrorism, NCPC and the National Counterterrorism Center will continue their careful coordination of the IC's response to non-state WMD threats. (U) FY 2013 Budget Request and Highlights (S//NF) The FY 2013 reques t enhances IC integration and sustains capabilities in support of CP. The CP mission continues to support a variety of actions to deter, disrupt, and preven t proliferation . Thi s includes improving our understanding of Pakistani nuclear weapons and dangero us nuclear material security; furtherin g intelligence on proliferators such as Iran and North Korea to roll back and block weapons programs; increasing our ability to ascertain global chemical and biolo gical threats; and better integrating multidiscipline coverage of WMD targets such as chemical weapons in Libya and Syria . The CP capabilities are decreased primarily due to the transition of COBRA KING (formerly the COBRA JUDY Replacemen t) to a final acquisition phase and completion of the Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFT AC) radiochemistry laboratory and facility . The decrease is offset by an increase for FBI's new Counterproliferation Center (CPC). In addition, military positions are transferred to the MIP for COBRA BALL and CONST ANT PHOENIX, while civilian positions are increased in support of proliferation monitoring activities, primarily focused on Pakistan, Iran, and North Korea . (U) Following are examples of the I C's expected support to the five enduring CP policy objectives in FY 2013 . (Contributing NIP Componen ts and the associated budget projects are indicated in parenthesis for each example) . (U) Dissuade Int er est in WMD (S//NF) To better serve policymakers, the budget request advances efforts to identify vulnerabilities, opportunities, and levers of influence to discourage state and non-state interest in WMD, including their desire to develop weapons for chemical and biological warfare (CBW) . InFY201 3 the IC will: TO P SECRET//S I/TK//NO FORN 19

TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN (U) Manage Consequences of WMD Use (S//NF) The requested budget enables the IC to further its critical role in identifying and characterizing the signatures and capabilities of CBRN weapons and their delivery systems and in exercising against crisis scenarios, thus increasing the ability of the U.S. Government to appropriately react and respond to the use of WMD by state and non-state actors. In FY 2013 the IC will: • (U) Preserve its ability to detect, assess, and classify WMD. — (TS//SI/TK//NF) DIA and CIA will collaborate on the collection, analysis, and exploitation of likely CBRN and toxic materials obtained from captured terrorists/insurgents and their suspected laboratories, worldwide, in response to requirements to determine attribution. CIA will operate the Biological Analysis Center, a bio-safety level-3 laboratory that analyzes samples potentially containing BW agents and toxins. NGA will improve collection collaboration processes with NSA and NRO to enhance tasking and collection against c-WMD targets. NRO will further its research and development on innovative technologies to detect WMD-associated production, storage, and transportation signatures. (GDIP: WMD; CIAP: Transnational, Special Activities and Platforms; NGP: Source Tasking, Operations and Management; NRP: Research and Technology Development; CCP: Military Forcesand Weapons Analysis, Transnational) • (U) Boost analysis in support of U.S. efforts to mitigate the use of WMD. — (S//NF) CIA will enhance capabilities for processing foreign weapons signals to better model weapons-effects and to better assess activity at WMD-related facilities. (CIAP: Clandestine Weapons Technical Collection) — (S//NF) FBI’s CPC plans to sponsor, co-facilitate, and participate in training exercises to improve U.S. Government WMD response capabilities (DOJ: Transnational) — (S//NF) — (U) DIA’s National Center for Medical Intelligence will expand its warning capability for health and biological events that have strategic implications by fielding more sophisticated analytic tools to forecast, detect, prepare, and respond to foreign health threats, emphasizing models for infectious disease spread and toxic and radiological contaminant dispersion. (GDIP: Medical) — (S//NF) DHS will produce CBRN-related intelligence products that provide indicators of suspicious activity for law enforcement, first responders, hazardous materials teams, and fusion centers. (DHS: Homeland Security) TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFORN 23

TO P SECRET//S I/TK//NO FORN (S//NF) Fundin g to Count er WMD Pr oliferati on This Exhibit is TOP SECR ET//SI!fK//NOFORN Dollars in millions Mission FY 2013 Ba..e +OCO Funding Spedfic(M) PROGRAM EXPENDITURE CENTER Analysis PROJECT Medical Foundational Mission (F) Enabling(E) F P ercent of Project Funding Requested Project Funding 0.1 GDIP NGP NRP SRP State Treasury 6,685.1 Total Note: Totals may not add due to rounding. TO P SECRET//S I/TK//NO FORN 25

TO P SECRET//S I/TK//NO FORN (S//NF) Goal: Make Quantitative and Qualitative Progress Agains t CW and BW Gaps (TS//SI/ /NF) While not reaching the aggressive FY 2011 target to make progress on six gaps associated with offensive developmen t of non-traditional CBW agents, the IC did partially fill three of the gaps . For FY 2012 and 2013, the number of gaps associated with BW and CW remains the same; however, the questions are against different countries and are reflected in the change to the targets. This table is SECRET//SI//NOFO RN Outcome 1 / Performance Goal 3 - Progress Against CW and BW Gaps Indicator Outcome measure Number of priority CW and BW gaps partially filled Outcome measure Number of priority CW and BW gaps against which progress is made Fisca l Year Target 2013 3 of 11 Results 2012 3 of 11 2011 3 of8 3 of8 2010 1 of 8 3 of8 2009 6of 56 4 of 56 2013 5 of 11 2012 4of 11 2011 5 of8 2of8 2010 5 of8 Oof8 2009 11 of 56 2 of 56 (S//NF) Following are highlights of IC accomplishments against CW and BW gaps : • (TS//SI/ /REL TO USA, FVEY) To identify technologies and approaches that could further U.S. defensive posture, NSA initiated a project to collect on Russian chemical warfare countermeasures . Although still in its early stages, this effort has resulted in published intelligence reports on medical antidote research, personnel protection, and detection systems. • (TS/INF) NGA expanded work to characterize the security status of biological and chemical laboratorie s in Pakistan. This initiative served as the cornerstone of U.S. efforts to engage liaison partners on biosecurity 28 TO P SECRET//S I/TK//NO FORN

TOP SECRET//S I/TK//NOFORN issues and improve U.S. Government awareness of biosecurity vulnerabilities . It also informed traditional intelligence work to prevent terrorist acquisition of biological materials . (U) Outcome 2: Incr easing Suppor t Acr oss Five CP Policy Object ives to Redu ce Thr eat (S//NF) IC efforts included identifying WMD decisionmakers, assessing leadership plans, identifying facilities, and pinpointing proliferation agents and activity . To review performance, NCPC examined indicators for two goals. (S//NF) Goal: Incr ease Support to Dissuasion and Rollback CP Policy Object ives (S//NF) Providin g actionable intelligence to decisionmakers to dissuade interest in WMD or to roll back existing programs continued to be a difficult challenge for the IC in FY 2011 . When compared to the intelligence used for preventing acquisition, the IC lagged the targets; however, the results are largely explained by increased interdiction efforts, such as those highlighted under the next Goal. Most of the success in this area is compartmented . This table is SECRET//SI//NOFO RN Outcome 2 / Performance Goal 1 - Support to Dissuasion & Rollback Relative to Prevention Indicator Outcome measure Ratio of IC support activities focused on the dissuasion and rollback CP policy objectives relative to the prevention objective. Fisca l Year Targe t Results 2013 Dissuade: 14% Roll Back: 34% 2012 Dissuade: 14% Roll Back: 34% 2011 Dissuade: 14% Roll Back: 34% Dissuade: 1% Roll Back: 13% 2010 Dissuade: 12% Roll Back: 32% Dissuade: 8% Roll Back: 27% 2009 Dissuade: 10% Roll Back: 30% Dissuade: 8% Roll Back: 24% (S//NF) Followin g are highlights of IC accomplishments in support of dissuasion and rollback: • (S//NF) NGA provided insight into Russia' s compliance with their obligation to eliminate their CW stockpile as required by membership in the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. NGA also monitored Russian operations and secur ity at a CW destruction site and a depot. (S//NF) Goal: Improve Actionable Intelligence for Each Weapo n Type (S//NF) NCPC categorizes and tracks CP intelligence reporting for weapon types as advancing knowledge or being actionable . An actionable report is one that results in U.S. Government engagement or identifie s a spec ific opportunity for engagement, even when it is not known whether the information is acted upon . When comparing the actionable CP intelligence to all CP intelligence by weapon type, performance exceeded expectations in FY 2011, primarily due to the high level of interdiction enabled by the SIG and other IC elements . TOP SECRET//S I/TK//NOFORN 29

TOP SECRET//SI/TK//NOFO RN Resource Exhibit No. 13 (continued) National Intelligence Pr ogram Budget Authority by Pr ogram , Expenditure Center , and Pr oject FY 2011 - FY 2013 This Exhibit is SECR ET//NOFORN (Dollars in Thousands) FY20 12FY 2013 Progr am Expenditure Center Project FY 2011 FY20 12 FY 2013 Change 57,838 60,4 11 45,848 Counterintelligence O Operations -14,563 57,838 60,4 11 45,848 -14,563 163,700 186,699 188,619 1,08 1 1,592 C4ISR Analysis 98,07 1 100,670 133,051 32,38 1 Medical 19,79 1 21,689 20,218 -1,47 1 136,704 126, 135 127,647 1,5 12 -16,469 C ounter inte lligence T ota l Energy T ota l GDIP Analysis Analytic Integrity & Standards Military Forces & Weapons Analysis Regional 164,595 170,533 154,064 S&T Analysis 303,337 273,389 272,155 -1,234 Transnational 228, 118 247, 175 210,19 1 -36,984 Wanting 15,319 17,725 17,370 -355 967,016 958,908 934,696 -24,212 Analytic Tools 86,927 130,67 1 154,132 23,46 1 Education & Trairung 12,423 14,292 19,654 5,362 Ana lysis T ota l Analysis Enabling Mission Support Ana lysis Enab ling T ota l Enterprise IT Systems Connectivity -34,054 212,087 44,046 44,594 548 Information Assurance 22,943 42,238 44, 184 1,946 -21,842 Management & Support 189,0 18 169, 135 147,293 Platforms 458,876 428,5 16 385,254 -43,262 -96,664 Acquisition Management 965,208 93-0,076 833,412 16,755 18,590 18,594 4 4,683 4,926 5,438 512 Education & Trairung 62,849 66,190 74,278 8,088 Finance 60,478 66,589 74,3 15 7,726 9,232 10,3 16 HQ Management 52, 128 53,609 Human Resources 59,347 52,720 68,170 15,450 Security 86,005 87,659 108,79 1 21, 132 351,477 360,599 401,681 41,082 287, 110 311,386 181,221 -130, 165 Facilities Logistics Fac ilit ies & Logistics To ta l -10,3 16 52,095 -1,5 14 164,068 126,974 93,699 -33,275 451, 178 438,360 274,920 -163,440 9,472 Cover Services 30,453 32,460 4 1,932 Education & Trairung 50,450 45,5 19 46,034 515 Mission IT 19,679 8,490 8,936 446 258,833 303, 126 310,263 7, 137 359,4 15 389,595 407,165 17,570 208,226 214,606 175,599 76, 180 72,683 Mission Support H UMIN T Enab ling T ota l Non Traditional Special Mission Unit Traditional H UMIN T Operat ions T ota l 164 -9,666 19, 157 246, 14 1 Enter pr ise Management Tota l HUMINT Operations 74,228 248,014 40,793 Foreign Relations & Liaison HUMINT Enabling 83,894 228,857 253,578 COOP Facilities & Logistics 72,624 171,974 Enterprise Arcrutecture & Planning Enter pr ise IT Systems To ta l Enterprise Management 1,920 -1,592 TOP SECRET//S I/TK//NOFORN -39,007 -72,683 -- -- -- -•• 109,835 114,395 129,037 14,642 394,24 1 401,684 3-04,636 -97,048

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