GISELA RAQUEL MOTA OCAMPO, the first woman elected mayor of Temixco, a city in the central Mexican state of Morelos, was expected to take on organized crime directly. She never got the chance. The 33-year-old assumed office on New Year’s Day. Less than 24 hours later she was dead, murdered in her own home by an alleged crew of paid assassins.
According to reports, sometime shortly after 7 a.m. on Saturday morning, intruders entered Mota’s home, tied her up, beat her, and shot her in the head. Authorities responding to a call reporting a possible homicide soon found themselves in a car chase with the suspected killers. A gunfight ensued that left two of the suspects dead, authorities said, while three others — including a minor, a 32-year-old woman, and an 18-year-old man — were captured alive.
In recent years, areas around Temixco, some 60 miles south of Mexico City, have struggled mightily with violence stemming from weak local institutions and deep-seated political corruption and intimidation linked to a nexus of criminal groups seeking control of the region’s lucrative, U.S.-bound drug-trafficking routes.
According to Graco Ramírez, the governor of Morelos, the suspects in custody for Mota’s killing have said the criminal group known as Los Rojos was responsible for the murder. Los Rojos has been locked in a vicious, multi-year battle with its rival, Guerreros Unidos, which in 2014 was accused of participating in the mass disappearance and alleged slaughter of 43 students from a rural teaching in Guerrero, a deeply impoverished state neighboring Morelos. (The unsolved case of the missing students was cited in scathing op-ed published by the New York Times Monday, which took the administration of President Enrique Peña Nieto to task for “systematically” avoiding accountability in a series of scandals.)
In a radio interview, Ramírez indicated Mota’s assassination might have been linked to a national government effort to replace municipal authorities with a single, unified state command. According to the governor, Mota had supported the plan for a unified command. While Mota had not received specific threats in the run-up to her murder, Ramírez said, other newly elected mayors were under pressure from Los Rojos and Guerreros Unidos not to cede control of local law enforcement to higher authorities. Such groups traditionally rely on the coopting of municipal police to maintain power, execute kidnappings, and aid in drug-trafficking logistics.
Ramírez described Mota’s killing as “a message and a clear threat for the mayors who recently took office to not accept the police coordination scheme that we have supported and that is being built at a national level.” Following the murder, he ordered the State Security Commission to assume control of police in 15 municipalities, including the capital.
The state prosecutor in Morelos, Javier Pérez Durón, has promised that Mota’s killers will be punished with “the full weight of the law.” Whether the prosecutor will be able to make good on the promise remains to be seen. According to the United Nations, from December 2006, when the Mexican government first sent the military into the streets to take on the nation’s drug cartels (eventually securing extensive U.S. support), to November 2012, a total of roughly 2 percent of 102,696 reported homicides led to prosecutions.
For now, Mota joins a long list of public officials killed on the job since the so-called war on drugs began to intensify in Mexico — according to a statement posted by the Association of Local Mexican Authorities, more than 1,000 municipal officials and nearly 100 mayors have been killed over the last decade. In the wake of Mota’s murder, the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) issued a statement describing the slain local leader as “a strong and brave woman who on taking office as mayor, declared that her fight against crime would be frontal and direct.”
Mota’s final public Facebook post was dated December 31, the day before she assumed her first — and last — day in office. She is seen holding a newborn infant wrapped in blankets. “Without a doubt the best gift that God could send us, my little nephew,” Mota wrote, adding that she was “feeling blessed.”
Top photo: Family members of the slain mayor of Temixco, Gisela Mota, mourn next to her casket during a ceremony in her honor at the mayor’s office building in Temixco, Mexico, Jan. 3, 2016.