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NSA Afghanistan Coalition Dissemination Brief to Senior Leadership Forum 2009

May. 29 2019 — 3:00p.m.

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Afghanistan Coalition Dissemination Brief to Senior Leadership Forum NSA June 2009 Derived From: NSA/CSSM 1-52 Dated: 20070108 Declassify On: 20340501 TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL to USA, FVEY

TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY Key Judgments • Afghanistan is different than Iraq - solutions do not transplant wholesale - More players (2ndand 3rdParties and beyond) • More problems - more capacity • ISAF Rules of Engagement • Increased need for synchronization • Successful Operations require a greater level of SIGINT integration across nations • Shortage of 5-eyes linguist and collection resources - Other nations have unique collection and linguist capabilities Bottom Line: Afghanistan SIG/NT Coalition TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY needed

TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY Afghan SIGINT Sharing --------------- Information Provision 41 Eyes ... ISAF Information Provision Indications & Warning Real-time Collaboration Target Packages GSM Deer ts 14 Eyes ... CENTER ICE Partners All Above Plus ... Division of Effort: Linguistic/Analytic Rapid Metadata Sharing Coalition Support to Operations 9 Eyes ... Afghan SIGINT Coalition All Above Plus ... Complete Integration of SIGINT Operations TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY 5 Eyes ...

SIGINT Reference Model Intelligence Knowledge Data Signal The Reference Model UNCLASSIFIED //FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY Coalition Relationships in Afghanistan Norway ~ Slovenia Turkey ....................................................................................................................................... , ED = National SIGINT Partners i o • • • • o JOP ....... ....................... ......... ........................ ..... .............. ...,....... ......................... ...... ............. , SECRETI/COMINTI/REL USA, FVEY NZL AUS

TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY NATO/ISAF Relationships in Afghanistan Shared Intelligence reporting Volume/Scope of reports - Getting information from NATO Knowledge Intelligence TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY

TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY 14-Eyes Relationships in Afghanistan "Fact-of" reporting GSM Decryption service Common IT platform for sharing - CENTER ICE TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY 8

TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY Afghanistan SIGINT Coalition Shared reporting responsibility Real-time data access Developing common reporting standards GSM Decryption service TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY

TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY 5-Eyes Relationships in Afghanistan GSM Decryption service Shared Reporting Common IT infrastructure Decryption Tradecraft Si nal TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY

= DEN 1 DRT; Jan 08 ~ GER 3 DRT; Jan 08 C NET U 1TL 1 DRT; Feb 09 =:= swE 1 DRT; Feb 09 = HUN 2 DRT; Aug 07 1 DRT; Oct 08 ir-1 NOR 2 DRT; Feb 08 r-J ~ POL 1 DRT; Dec 08 SPN 2 DRT; Mar 08 @ Operational 0 Planned O Op. w/ metadata Fwd. Afghanistan lntemallonal boundary Province(velayat) boundary N ;:i.tinn;1I r;;\nit:il

SECRET// REL TO USA, FVEY 9 Eyes - Afghan SIGINT Coalition Goals • Provide real-time threat warning to the US and Coalition • Enable find-fix-focus collaboration and analysis SECRET// REL TO USA, FVEY

SECRET// REL TO USA, FV EY Main tasks - Status 1. Deliver capability to push data in near-real-time to coalition partners (Green) O 2. Reduce the time to recognize threais and enable coalition partners U to perform their own l+W - 3. Achieve timely l+W reporting across the coalition Vello\l\! 4. Enable collaboratt,, and sharing of analytic conclusions across the coalition (Green) 5. Create, gain agreement and implement standards of reporting to enable coty boration on find-fix-focus reporting across the coalition (Orange) 6. Develop working aids and dissemination policy that supports coalition SIGINT sharing and collaboration beyond l+W (Green) SECRET// REL TO USA, FV EY 0 O

TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY Shared reporting responsibility across Afghanistan SIGINT Coalition UK National and provincial leadership I gov I diplomatic/ Insurgents in RC South (Helmand) Narcotics traffi ckers I facilitators in Afghan RC South (Helmand) Canada Provincial leadership I gov/ Insurgents I Narcotrafficker s in RC South (Kandahar) Australia Provincial leadership I gov/ Insurgents I Narcotraffickers in RC South (Oruzgan) New Zealand Provincial leadership I gov/ Insurgents I Narcotraffickers in RC East (Bamian) France Provincial leadership I gov/ Insurgents in RC South, RC East (Kapisa), RC Central (Kabul) Norway Provincial leadership I gov/ Insurgents in RC North (Balkh, Faryab) RC Central (Kabul) Denmark Provincial leadership I gov/ Insurgents in RC South (Helmand) The Netherlands Provincial leadership I gov/ Insurgents in RC South (Oruzgan) TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY

TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY Partners RT-RG Afghanistan Ingestion 9 March 2009 ~ ~ •.. ·~ -·· 1- u ·- e e e e e e e e e LEGEND >80% 17 April 2009 135/265 (51%) 8/8 (100%) 1/1 (100%) 1/1 (100%) 20/20 (100%) 1/1 (100%) 2/2 (100%) 0/0 1/1 (100%) =e 60-79% 0 e e e e e e e e 159/330 (48%) 11/28 (34%) 1/1 (100%) 1/1 (100%) 20/24 (83%) 1/1 (100%) 2/2 (100%) 0/0 1/1 (100%) + 30 Days 0 e e e e e e e e 234/330 c11%) 28/32 (88%) 1/1 (100%) 1/1 (100%) 20/24 (83%) 1/1 (100%) 2/2 (100%) 0/0 1/1 (100%) =o <59% = e TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY + 60 Days e e e e e e e e e 273/330 (83%) 28/32(88%) 1/1 (100%) 1/1 (100%) 24/24 (100%) 1/1 (100%) 2/2 (100%) 0/2 (100%) 1/1 (100%)

TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY l+W timeliness 10 mins - Baseline capability for l+W - 95% certainty of l+W delivery within 10 mins of recognition to AFSC ' Jan 09 - Performed via Center Ice posting and phone calls to confirm delivery Timeline for 9-eyes Coalition 10 mins - Load sharing with AFSC - AFSC capability to perform threat ID -- Shortens recognition of threat ' May/June 09 -AFSC leverage new technical capabilities and training. Center Ice and phone calls utilized 8 mins -Improved capability for AFSC analysts - Faster access to critical metadata ' Dec09 •Geo-Location information integrated and displayed in NRT. •Center Ice/ Phone calls for higher level analytic discussions <8 mins -Real Analytic collaboration (push and pull) - Collaborative reporting - Improved analytic outcomes ' Apr/May 10 Standards and capabilities to shift from posting to realtime tip/alert. - Perform higher level analytics in collaborative environment TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY Goals Primary - Provide real-time threat warning to the Coalition Enable find-fixfocus collaboration and analysis

SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY ~ D RC NORTH RC WE ST ~ ~ COMI SAF RC EAST Coa lition Key • 9-eyes Troop presence D Ger man, Swedish, Polish Troop presence D No SIGINT Troop Presence NIM RUZ = RCS OUTH ~ SECRET//COMINT//REL USA, FVEY

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