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NSA Presentation on ISNU Relationship

May. 29 2019 — 3:01p.m.

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TOP SECRET //COMfNT // REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108 NSARelationship Withthe IsraeliSIGINT NationalUnit 1 TOP SECRET//COMINT // REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320 108

TOP SECRET//COMINT //REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108 IsraeliSIGINTNationalUNIT "WhoAre /hoseGuys?" • SIGINT arm of the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) • Hqtrs in Tel Aviv - other production - '"~ Centers - Syria, PA, Egypt,Lebanon • Approximately 5,500 enlisted conscripts - 1,200 career officers - uoq.,'4Q ~ I~ ~°1· - :l. µ(} 1"b ~ '""' ~~ • NSA's Most Valued Third Party partner -~,~f' • Strong analytic and technical capabilities - fJt )Oll • Planned Move to Negev .. (6~\.AtlP(JT ~ -e>d~d\- \\f\.f)f) ~""' ,...~ ~J ~c. 2 TOP SECRET// COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZU /20320108

TOP SECRET //COMINT /!REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL/ /20320 108 Termsof SIGINTRelationshi with Israel • Initiated by CIA 1950s * SECRET level technology exchange for SIGINT Formal Relationship With NSA 1970s * initially CAT 11 - er ~ 7 later expanded to CAT Ill - ~:lb ~ Guidelines for SIGINT Cooperation ~~~ * ~""" CHIPPEWA Circuit: 24/7 direct link 3 TOP SECRET //COMINT //REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108

TOP SECRET //COMINT //REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320 108 ·delinesForSIGINTCoo erationwithIsrael • 1984 - Identifiesand defines areas of exchange (analyticaland technical) • 1989-revisedto reflectgrowthin the partnership • BroadlyWritten • Cooperationis FORNSA T-based *some notableexceptions 4 TOP SECRET//COMINT // REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108

TOP SECRET// COMINT //REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//2032 0108 Representation • 1992 - First SIGINT Liaison Officer in Tel Aviv • ISNU Washington Liaison Officer * Based from Israeli Embassy * Frequent visits to NSA 5 TOP SECRET// COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320 108

TOP SECRET //COMINT /fREL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108 June2007TemporarySLO • Fill-in During SLO R&R * cover position * In-country SIGINT support to COS and US Ambassador * ensures coordination between NSAW and ISNU 6 TOP SECRET//COMINT //REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108

TOP SECRET //COMINT //REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108 Eventsin Gazaand NorthernIsrael • Kidnapping of Cpl Gil'ad Shalit, IDF soldier, on 25 June, in Israeli territory • SUMMER RAIN - IDF Response • 12 July ambush and kidnapping of two IDF in Northern Israel • CHANGE OF DIRECTION -IDF • BROKEN SHELL -ISNU • War Scenario · i~l {lt<.~~e../L - ~ u~'~ • High anxiety - heavy reliance on NSA for support 7 TOP SECRET //COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108

TOP SECRET// COMINT //REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320 108 WhatDid ISNUWant? • Everything!!! • Heavy Israeli focus on: *soldier's condition and location A~ O'l...,l ~ *geolocational data - ~'°t,~ * Iran's role in kidnappings * tactical ELINT * increased tasking of NSA collection USG policy issues * geolocational data * NSA resources 8 TOP SECRET//COMINT //REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108

TOP SECRET //COMINT //REL TO USA , AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320 l 08 IsraeliEx ectationsvs ea I y • ISNU Commander address workforce ,.. lo...~ UbvL - • Assessed as short-duration IDF operation * eradicate Hizballah's rocket capability from S. Lebanon * effect release of kidnapped soldiers ISG enjoys popular "9/11- type" support 9 TOP SECRET //COMINT //REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108

UNCLASSIFIE D RealityCheck • Hizballah well-prepared/motivated • -tor~"' Ml~ • -P,ou'..-.. .. ,~,\LeJ! t),i..t; \c.~~ c~"'-·~,.L Q:)OC..9/4s~~ \C'O-'•c...t ~.,..._ ~~ ~ '-J'.\\.-e"',vF "' • Logistical support from Iran and Syria - Z..tL-z.,,L • Use of civilian neighborhoods • Bad world press Lc:1:>-t ~ fu~ ,\.1 ~ ~\),~ ~ ~\J:. t.,i.rl" W \~~. ~ u,~ e,~ ~ 4 c.,;;.'"""\t,>'Q ,~~., clo";)c., ,0 \..,)~ 10 UNCLASSIFIED

UNCLASSIFIED Life In TelAviv • Business as usual • Hotels and restaurants packed • lncre~s;,~..ter[9[l~ssile threat . ~ • Little sympathy for civilian nonIsraeli casualties from man-on-the street 11 UNCLASSIFfED

TOP SECRET// COMINT //REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320 l 08 Aftermath • Publicconfidencein IDF erodes * IDF image damaged • Politicalfallout * Olmert popularityplunges * IDF Cos sacked - more to come * Militarymorale/confidencelow ISNU Gearing for Round II this Summer 12 TOP SECRET//COMINT//REL TO USA, AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL//20320108

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